Binding

What’s New at
Classic Laminations

New UV Coater Added to Arsenal
Classic Laminations is pleased to announce that we recently added a new UV coater to our arsenal of print finishing capabilities. Our new UV coating s...read more>>

Classic Laminations
In The News

Print Finishing Considered Secret Weapon for Growth by Commercial Printers
Commercial printers in Northeast Ohio and throughout the Midwest to receive significant first-time customer discount when partnering with Classic Lami...read more>>
Capabilities | Perfect Binding | Saddle Stitching | Spiral Coil Binding
Double Wire-O/Twin Loop | GBC or Plastic Comb Binding | Post Bind | Terminology

BINDING

Capabilities

Over the last few years we have made major investments in equipment to grow our binding capabilities. This includes the purchase of an Alpha-Doc® punching machine, our new Bourg 3002 perfect binder and our newest piece of equipment, our Challenge CMT 130 three knife trimmer.

Our comprehensive bindery services have grown to now include Perfect Binding, Spiral Coil, Double Wire-O / Twin Loop, Plastic Comb, Padding, Saddle Stitching and Ring Binding. Our experienced staff can collate, punch and bind any size product with a variety of binding styles.

Our bindery services will take your book, menu, program, or manual to a professional looking completion. Even if you do most of this work in-house, we know from time to time, you get jobs that are larger, or need a quicker turnaround, than you want to handle internally. In these instances let Classic Laminations help you earn this business. So whatever your print finishing needs, don’t be afraid to give us a call to discuss your project and see how Classic Laminations can help you get your project done quickly and cost effectively.

Back to top

Perfect Binding

We specialize in short runs on our Bourg 3002 fully automated perfect binder. In fact, we have no minimum order size! We can do books ranging from 0.04 to 2″ thick, 3.5 to 12.5″ wide and 4 to 15″ long. The Bourg 3002 uses EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) hot melt glue applied with two application rollers and a reverse rotating scraper roller for precise glue application. These rollers provide full contact side gluing (not low quality tangential contact) for optimal side gluing application. This glue is designed to provide an excellent bond on all types of printing including digital imaging. In addition, the Bourg 3002 is the only binder in the world with an integrated cover creasing unit that provides multiple creases in digitally printed covers, not a low quality scoring system that damages the digital print surface and cracks the covers. Up to six negative or positive creases are automatically set in the cover based on the book’s thickness and allow for the production of winged books. To further enhance our speed, accuracy and competitiveness in the short run perfecting binding arena, we added a Challenge CMT 130 three knife trimmer. When you need perfect binding, please make Classic Laminations your first call.

Back to top

Saddle Stitching

At Classic Laminations, we offer quick turnaround on traditional saddle stitching. We can do automated saddle stitching on booklets as small as 3″ x 3 7/8″ one-up and 3″ x 3″ two-up.

Back to top

Spiral Coil Binding

We can bind your project with colorful plastic spiral coil binding, which will allow the book to lay flat when open and for the cover to be folded completely back on itself. The binding consists of a continuous spiral of plastic coil threaded through pre-punched holes along the binding edge of the paper, with one loop of coil through each hole. The durable plastic coils come in twelve standard colors, with a wide array of other colors, including neon and fluorescent, available also. Classic Laminations can also precision punch spiral holes in the paper before or after printing on our Alpha-Doc® precision paper punching machine.

Back to top

Double Wire-O/Twin Loop

As the name implies, there are two loops of wire threaded through each hole in the paper resulting in pages that are securely held and turn easily. The Double Wire-O or Twin Loop wire is available in a dozen colors, including plain silver metal. Like Spiral Coil Binding, the books will lay flat when open and can be turned 360 degrees, or completely back on themselves. Our Alpha-Doc® precision paper punching machine can punch the Double Wire-O / Twin Loop holes before or after printing.

Back to top

GBC ® or Plastic Comb Binding

This mechanical binding method uses a plastic comb with flexible “teeth” inserted into rectangular holes punched along the binding edge. One advantage GBC® Comb has over continuous coil binding such as Spiral and Double Wire-O / Twin Loop is the GBC® binding machine can insert and remove sheets for quick edits. GBC® bound books lay flat when open, but unlike the continuous coil methods, the pages cannot be turned 360 degrees. GBC® Comb binding can handle books up to 2 inches thick. The plastic combs are durable and available in a variety of colors. We also offer GBC® ProClick® spines, a new way to mechanically bind documents featuring the ability to do quick edits by “unzipping” and “zipping” the teeth of this circular hard plastic spine. Our Alpha-Doc® punching machine can punch the GBC® rectangular holes in your paper before or after printing.

Padding

A recent equipment addition is our heat activated padding machine that is ideal for making premium pads. Promotional pads remain an effective sales tool linking you with your customers on a daily basis. Whether it’s a focused marketing effort or just utilizing your scrap paper, we guarantee your customers will appreciate the gesture. Our heat activated adhesive padding machine produces premium pads that are durable. So whether it’s scratch pads, note pads, order pads or any other type of pads, let us help you with yours. We can make pads up to 16” wide on the padding edge and up to 3 ½” thick.

Back to top

Post Bind

 

This is a mechanical binding method that uses a screw and post inserted through a hole, or holes, that are drilled or punched in a stack of paper.

Back to top

Terminology

 

Adhesive Binding

Glue (hot melt or water based) is applied along the backbone or spine edges of assembled, printed sheets. The book or magazine cover is then applied directly over the still tacky adhesive. Alternative term is Perfect Binding.

Assembling

Collating individual printed sheets or signatures in a complete set with the pages in proper sequence or alignment. Assembling takes place before binding. Alternative terms are collating, gathering and inserting.

Backbone

The exposed part of a bound volume when shelved. Also called spine and shelf back.

Back Edge

In bookbinding, the left-hand edge of a recto, or right hand edge of a verso. This is normally the binding edge.

Back Fold

The fold along the backs of sections through which they are sewn, stapled, glued, or otherwise fastened to each other is called a back fold.

Bind

To fasten printed sheets or signatures with wire, thread, glue or other means.

Bindery

The finishing department of a print shop or a separate company that specializes in finishing printed products such as collating, folding, trimming and binding. Also term for all work with press sheets other than the actual printing including cutting, jogging (the process of handling press sheets to form a neater, more even stack of sheets), collating, folding and stitching.

Binding

The process of fastening or binding the pages of a printed piece or publication in the proper order and usually with a protective cover. Many binding methods exist that can be chosen for the type of publication and/or the type of handling it will receive.

Binding Edge

The edge of a group of sheets or pages where binding occurs.

Blind Folio

A blank page in a book that has no page number printed on it. Generally in book publishing blank pages are not numbered.

Book Block

Term for folded signatures that have been gathered, sewn and trimmed, but not yet covered.

Book Paper

Paper that is suitable for books, catalogs, magazines, advertising and general printing needs. It is divided into uncoated paper (usually offset paper), coated paper (also called art paper, enamel paper, gloss paper and slick paper) and text paper.

Brochure

A pamphlet bound in booklet form.

Case

In bookbinding, the case is the cover of a hard-bound book.

Case Bind

To bind by gluing signatures to a case made of binder’s board covered with fabric, plastic, or leather, yielding hard cover books. Also called Hard Bind and Edition Bind.

Center Spread

The two center pages of a signature.

Cleat Bind

An alternate term for Side Stitch. To bind by stapling through sheets along one edge, as compared to saddle stitch.

Collate

A finishing term for gathering or organizing printed sheets in a specified, precise order.

Collating Marks

In printing, a set of numbered symbols printed on the folded edge of press signatures to indicate the proper collating or gathering sequence.

Comb Binding

A type of mechanical binding in which a flexible plastic comb device holds the pages together. The comb is a plastic strip that has a series of curved plastic teeth extending from it. The teeth are inserted into drilled or punched rectangular holes along the binding edge of the pages. A standard 11″ sheet would have 19 rectangular holes punched along the 11″ edge. This method allows the addition or removal of pages from the book and enables the book to lie flat when it is open; however it cannot be completely folded back over on itself as in Spiral and Double Wire-O. Books up to 1 7/8″ thick can be comb bound. The plastic combs are durable and available in a variety of colors. Book titles or descriptions can be printed on the spine of the plastic comb so the book can be identified when stored. Also called GBC® Bind (General Binding Corporation’s brand name) and Plastic Comb Bind.

Corner Marks

Lines on a mechanical, negative, plate, or press sheet showing the corners of a page or finished piece.

Crop Marks

Printed lines showing where to trim a printed sheet.

Crossover

Printing across the gutter or from one page to the facing page of a publication.

Cut Flush

The cover is trimmed after binding so that its edges are even with the edges of the leaves.

Cover Paper

A heavy printing paper used to cover books, make presentation folders, etc.

Depth (of a book)

The measurement of the book at its thickest point, including the covers.

Drill

To bore holes in paper to allow sheets to fit over posts of loose-leaf binders.

Edition Bind

Alternate term for Case Bind.

Face

The edge of a bound publication opposite the spine. Also called foredge. Also, an abbreviation for typeface referring to a family of a general style.

Flush Cover

A book cover trimmed to the same size as inside text pages, as compared to overhang cover. Also called cut flush.

Fold

A bend in any flexible material, such as paper, that is made by turning a sheet over upon itself, such as to fold a sheet in half. The fold along the backs of sections through which they are sewn, stapled, glued, or otherwise fastened to each other is called a back fold.

Fold Dummy

A sample mock-up that shows page sequence, signature arrangement, orientation, binding edge and side edges.

Fold Marks

Printed markings to show where folds are to be placed, usually located at the top edges.

Folder

A piece of bindery equipment used to fold printed flat sheets into folded products. Also a device at the end of the press or collator that is used to fanfold continuous forms.

Folding

The operation to bend a printed sheet in a specific area so the sheet can be formed into a signature, pamphlet, brochure, booklet, map or any other type of product requiring this process.

Foldout

A page larger than trim size that is folded one or more times to fit into a book or magazine. Examples are maps and charts. A common folding format for this is gatefold and another term is pullout.

Fold Resistance

The ability of paper to withstand multiple foldings before breaking.

Folio

A sheet folded once to make two leaves or four pages. Also the printing term for pagination, which is the system of numbering pages. Folio can also refer to the actual page number in a publication.

Form

Term for each side of a signature. Also spelled forme. Also the assembly of pages and other images for a single plate on a press. When printed and folded, the form is called a signature.

Format

The size, style, shape, type, page, margins, layout, printing requirements and organization of a printed piece.

Gatefold or Gate Fold

Both edges of an oversize page are folded in parallel toward the gutter in overlapping layers to produce a center spread.

Gather

To assemble signatures, next to each other, in the proper sequence for binding.

Gathered

Signatures of a book have been assembled next to each other in the proper sequence for binding. This is different from nested in which signatures are assembled inside one another. Also called stacked.

GBC® Binding

General Binding Corporation’s trade name for plastic comb binding, a type of mechanical binding in which the teeth of a flexible plastic comb material are inserted through rectangular holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper. See Comb Binding and Plastic Comb Binding.

Grind Edge

Alternate term for the binding edge of perfect bound books. So named because a portion of the spine of the gathered signatures or sheets is abraded or “ground off” to facilitate and optimize adhesion between the binding adhesive and paper.

Grindoff

In perfect binding, term for the approximately 1/8″ (3 mm) along the spine that is abraded or “ground off” the gathered signatures or sheets before applying the binding adhesive.

Gutter

In books, the channel and combined marginal (blank) space formed from the two inner or back margins of facing pages.

Gutter Margin

The margin space available along the binding edge.

Hard Bind

An alternate term for Case Bind.

Head

The top of a page or book, film, photo, etc.

Head Margin

The white space above the first line of a page.

Height (of a book)

The vertical dimension of a book as it sits upright on its tail.

High Folio

All pages falling behind the centerspread of a form.

Imposition

Refers to the arrangement of pages on mechanicals or press sheets, which when sheets are printed on both sides, folded, trimmed and bound, will put the pages in the correct sequence.

Lap

Excess paper located on the high or low folio (folded sheet) used for binding and saddle stitching. Usually carries signature identification (ID) markings.

Lap Glue

Lap glue is a generic term to describe hot melt adhesive or cold glue which is applied in the perfect binding process inside the front and back cover, near the spine, to produce a hinge effect on the covers.

Loop Stitch

To saddle stitch with staples that also have loops to slip over rings of binders, which allows a booklet to be saddle stitched and inserted into a loose-leaf binder without drilling or punching holes in the paper.

Low Folio

All pages falling in front of the center spread of a form.

Leaf

A single sheet of paper in a publication. Each side of a leaf is one page. Also in folding, leaf refers to each flap or section of a folded sheet of paper (for example a sheet folded once has two leaves).

Leaf Attachment

The means by which leaves of a textblock are attached one to another along the binding edge.

Leaves

The pages of a book.

Looseleaf Binding

A mechanical binding method allowing insertion and removal of pages in a binder. The pages are fastened together by means of inserting the binder’s metal rings or poles into drilled or punched holes along the binding edge of the pages.

Margin

The blank space around the edges of a page outside the printed or written matter. The four margins on a typical book page are commonly called: 1) top or head margin; 2) bottom, tail, or lower margin; 3) fore edge, outer or outside margin; and 4) back, inner, inside, or gutter margin. Margins (unprinted areas) also occur between columns of print, for example in a newspaper or magazine.

Mechanical Bind

To fasten pre-trimmed sheets using metal or plastic attachments such as comb, coil, ring binder and post inserted through punched or drilled holes in paper or any other technique not requiring gluing, sewing or stitching. Examples are GBC®, Spiral Wire, Double Wire-O / Twin Loop and Plasticoil.

Nested

Term for signatures assembled inside one another in the proper sequence for binding. Differs from gathered signatures in which signatures are stacked next to each other in the proper sequence for binding. Also called inset.

Notch Binding

The gouging of grooves (commonly 1/4″ wide) in the spine of a book block to facilitate the penetration of adhesive during subsequent perfect binding.

Oblong

In binding, a booklet or catalog bound on the shorter dimension.

Overhand Cover

A book cover that is larger than the pages it encloses.

Page Count

The total number of pages, including blanks and printed pages without numbers, which a publication contains. Also called extent.

Pages per inch (PPI)

Number of pages per inch of thickness of a bound publication. Each leaf or sheet of paper has two pages because they are printed on front and back.

PPI

An abbreviation for pages per inch.

Page

Term for one side of a leaf in a publication.

Page Proof

A proof of type and graphics as they will appear on the finished page complete with elements such as headings, rules and folios.

Pagination

The process of assembling type with other line copy and dividing text blocks and other page elements to create pages. If done by hand, it is called makeup or paste-up. If done electronically, it is called computer aided pagination (CAP). In the book arena, it also refers to the numbering of pages.

Paper Dummy

An unprinted sample of a proposed printed piece that uses the specified paper for the job and has been trimmed, folded and, if required, bound.

Paperback

A book with a flexible paper cover that is typically adhesive bound.

Perfect Binding

A type of binding where after the printed signatures or individual sheets have been collated, the back of the binding edge or spine is ground down or roughed up, coated with a fast drying glue to hold the pages together and then affixed to a cover with a flexible